CBSE TEST PAPER 01
ions and form a stable noble gas configuration.
Ans 2. Li has maximum degree of hydration and for this reason lithium salts are mostly hydrated eg.
Ans 3. The melting and boiling points of the alkali metals are low indicating weak metallic bonding due to the presence of only a single valence electron in them.
Ans 4. The diagonal relationship is due to the similarity in ionic sizes and /or charge / radius ratio of the elements.
Ans 5. Because of their high reactivity towards air and water, they are normally kept in kerosene oil.
Ans 6. Lithium halides are covalent because of the high polarization capability of lithium ion The
ion is very small in size and has high tendency to distort electron cloud around the negative halide ion.
Ans 7. Lithium is a small atom and it forms smaller
. As a result, it has very high charge to radius ratio. This is primarily responsible for the anomalous behavior of lithium.
Ans 8. This is because the heat from the flame excites the outer orbital electron to a higher energy level. When the exited electron comes back to the ground state, there is emission of radiation in the visible region.
Ans 9. Sodium mostly form peroxide when reacted with oxygen
Ans 10. Potassium is lighter than sodium probably because of an unusual increase in atomic size of potassium. Thus density (mass per unit volume) for Potassium is lower than for sodium.
Ans 11. Lithium is the Lightest known metal (density 0.534g